The word plastic is derived from the Greek word for mold or shape. Plastic surgery is a term used for the surgical treatment instrument or manually. This surgery is performed for functional or aesthetic reasons. There are mainly two main areas of plastic surgery. Reconstructive surgery and microsurgery usually includes tensions re-fixing or mask the negative effects of the disease, trauma or surgery. You can include the guise of defects with flaps or movement of tissue from other parts of the body to the place where reconstruction has to be done. Breast reconstruction for those who have undergone a mastectomy, cleft lip and palate surgery are common reconstructive surgeries. Sex reassignment surgery for transsexual people esta Also included in reconstructive surgery.